Glossary

Hebrew and Yiddish terms

Aron kodeshThe holy ark where the Torah is kept in a Synagogue.
Bedikat chametz.Checking for chametz to make sure we didn’t miss any.
Birkat Hamazonthe prayer after meals
Biyur chametzRemoving all chametz from the household, the tradition of burning the scraps on the morning of Passover Eve.
Chametza product of leavened bread forbidden for consumption on Passover.
Chazalthe Sages / ancient commentators
ChumashA physical copy of one of the five books of Torah.
FleishikMeat / observing the hours after eating meat, before eating dairy.
GebrochtsMatzah that got wet.
Halacha/halachicSomething related to the observence of Jewish laws.
Isha KushitThe dark skinned woman.
KasherTo make kosher.
KitniyotLegumes, sort of. These are grains, beans, and other types of plants which can be made into flour. Some types of Jews, usually Ashkenazi, avoid eating these on Passover.
Korechalso known as the Hillel Sandwich
KvetchingComplaining.
MarorBitter herbs.
MidrashThe Midrash is a collection of stories and fables by ancient Judaic authorities which are often used to interpret the scriptures.
minhagcustom.
MotziThe blessing over bread.
Omerthe seven weeks between Passover and Shavuot
Parevesomething that is neither dairy nor meat.
PesachPassover
PesadikKosher for Passover.
Siyum The celebration of completing the study of a set of Mishnah or Talmud books.
Ur’hatzWashing the hands.
YachatzSplitting the middle matzah.
YontiffA sacred day, like shabbat, but specific to a Jewish Holiday such as Passover, Sukkot, Rosh Hashannah, etc.
ZuzimTwo pieces of some very old currecny.